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Thursday, July 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of Effects of prescribed fire on Wyoming big sagebrush communities found in the catalog.

Effects of prescribed fire on Wyoming big sagebrush communities

David W. Wrobleski

Effects of prescribed fire on Wyoming big sagebrush communities

implications for ecological restoration of sage grouse habitat

by David W. Wrobleski

  • 226 Want to read
  • 28 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Sage grouse -- Effect of fires on -- Wyoming.,
  • Fire ecology -- Wyoming.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby David W. Wrobleski.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination76 leaves, bound :
    Number of Pages76
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15537742M

    Wyoming big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata subsp. wyomingensis [Beetle & A. Young] S.L. Welsh) plant communities of the Intermountain West have been greatly reduced from their historic range as a result of wildfire, agronomic practices, brush control treatments, and weed invasions. The impact of prescribed fall burning Wyoming big sagebrush has not been well quantified.   Species Reviews include information about plant and animal species' biology, habitats, regeneration or reproductive processes, relationships with fire, and management considerations.. Fire Regime publications include information about how often and how severely fires burned in specific ecosystems.. Fire Studies are summaries of one or more fire research publications.

      W.P. Clary, E.D. McArthur, D. Bedunah, C.L. Wambolt (Eds.), Prescribed fire effects on a bitterbrush-mountain big sagebrush-bluebunch wheatgrass community, Proceedings of the Symposium on Ecology and Management of Riparian Shrub Communities, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service General Technical Report INT, Ogden ( We assessed plant community succession following prescribed fire on ungrazed Wyoming big sagebrush steppe, eastern Oregon. Treatments were burned (Burn; September and October, ) and unburned (Control) sagebrush steppe. Herbaceous yield, vegetation canopy cover and density were compared between treatments after fire (–18). Herbaceous yield in the Burn treatment was about .

    Repeated fires reduce plant diversity in low-elevation Wyoming big sagebrush ecosystems ( – ) Article (PDF Available) in Ecosphere 10(2):e February with Reads. Historic fire return intervals in Artemesia tridentata (big sagebrush) ecosystems have been altered by livestock grazing, fire suppression, and other land management techniques resulting in ecological changes in these areas. Increases in abundance of woody vegetation may be causing declines in native herbaceous understory species. We examined the effects of prescribed fire on.


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Effects of prescribed fire on Wyoming big sagebrush communities by David W. Wrobleski Download PDF EPUB FB2

The greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), also known as the sagehen, is the largest grouse (a type of bird) in North America. Its range is sagebrush country in the western United States and southern Alberta and Saskatchewan, was known as simply the sage grouse until the Gunnison sage-grouse was recognized as a separate species in Family: Phasianidae.

In Lassen County, California, there was no evidence of fire in a Wyoming big sagebrush community and few western junipers were present prior to European-American settlement. However, fire scars on western junipers in a nearby western juniper-low sagebrush community indicated fire intervals ranging from about 10 to 95 years prior to settlement.

Literature review about fire effects on Wyoming big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata subsp. wyomingensis) Article (PDF Available) May with Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: Robin Innes.

Effects of prescribed fire on Wyoming big sagebrush communities: implications for ecological restoration of sage grouse habitat Effects of prescribed fire on movements of female sage grouse from breeding to summer ().

Mechanisms of succession in natural communities and their role in community stability Effects of prescribed fire on Wyoming big sagebrush communities book organization. Abstract Historic fire return intervals in Artemesia tridentata (big sagebrush) ecosystems have been altered by livestock grazing, fire suppression, and other land management techniques resulting i Cited by: Prescribed fire may favor big sagebrush on some sites by reducing the relative densities of other woody species.

Fall and spring prescribed burning in a basin big sagebrush community in east-central Oregon reduced overall densities of woody species, including basin big sagebrush, in postfire year 1 or 2 compared to prefire densities.

Furthermore, fire increased T bb in Wyoming big sagebrush and mountain big sagebrush (A. vaseyana) during the mid-day hours. These results demonstrate how fire changes the thermal environment of big sagebrush communities and the importance of shrub structure which can provide thermal refuge for organisms in burned communities during extreme.

Abstract. Fire historically occurred across the sagebrush steppe, but little is known about how patterns of post-fire fuel accumulation influence future fire in Wyoming big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata ssp.

wyomingensis) quantify change in fuel composition and structure in intact sagebrush ecosystems, we sampled 17 years following prescribed fire in eight approximately ha.

Rhodes, Edward C. Prescribed fire effects on vegetation and arthropod dynamics, and sampling techniques in a Wyoming big sagebrush community. Master of Science. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. tant to note that fuel management of arid Wyoming big sagebrush communities can immediately reduce woody plant fuels using prescribed fire or mowing, but reduction can be delayed at least three years if tebuthiuron used.

Managers may want to consider the complimentary goal of creating communities of herba-ceous perennials with discontinuous fuels. We examined the effects of prescribed fire on the morphology, abundance, and phenology of nine abundant forb (herbaceous dicot) species used selectively by Centrocercus urophasianus (Sage Grouse).

In September prescribed fire was applied to four of eight randomly assigned ‐ha A.t. wyomingensis (Wyoming big sagebrush) study plots at. Prescribed fire effects on vegetation and arthropod dynamics, and sampling techniques in a Wyoming big sagebrush community.

Abstract. Graduation date: June In the western United States, sagebrush (Artemisia spp L.) dominated\ud rangelands are extensive, accounting for approximately 63 million ha. The\ud Wyoming big sagebrush.

Effects of prescribed fire on Wyoming big sagebrush communities: implications for ecological restoration of sage grouse habitat. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University.

76 p. Thesis. Wrobleski, David W.; Kauffman, J. Boone. Initial effects of prescribed fire on morphology, abundance, and phenology of forbs in big sagebrush communities in. A prescribed fire in a Wyoming big sagebrush community did not change the timing, distance, or direction of movement of female greater sage-grouse from breeding and nesting areas to summer.

Samples were located in ha (m radius) plots at 9 sites in 3 site types: 1) within mountain big sagebrush communities (embedded chronologies) (2 sites, n = 7 plots), 2) within 10 m of the forest-steppe ecotone (ecotonal sites) (6 sites, n = 10 plots), and 3) on opposite sides of mountain big sagebrush communities (two-sided chronologies.

Changes in structural and compositional attributes of shinnery oak (Quercus havardii Rydb.) plant communities have occurred in the twentieth century. These changes may in part relate to altered fire. Similarly, in a study of Montana sagebrush landscapes, researchers concluded prescribed fire is not a desirable management option in stands of Wyoming or basin big sagebrush.

The authors in both of these studies highlighted the loss of the sagebrush resource and recovery periods of more than 35 years after a prescribed fire.

Sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) ecosystems occupy more than million acres of the western United sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) communities are among the most widespread of sagebrush land area historically occupied by sagebrush has been reduced by nearly half due to a variety of causes, including human development, agriculture.

From the text 'As the cost of both mechanical and chemical treatments continues to rise and public sentiment against use of herbicides increases, interest in prescribed burning also is increasing. Unfortunately, many land managers and property owners hesitate to use prescribed burning because fire is often viewed as a destructive force, not as a tool for management.

PDF | Graduation date: June In the western United States, sagebrush (Artemisia spp L.) dominated rangelands are extensive, accounting for | Find, read and cite all the research you need on. Historical fire return intervals in Wyoming big sagebrush communities were 50– years (Wright and Bailey ).

While a considerable volume of research has addressed impacts of fire on sagebrush communities, the effects of prescribed fire in the Wyoming big sagebrush .This review summarizes the fire effects information and relevant ecology of Wyoming big sagebrush that was available in the scientific literature as of Wyoming big sagebrush communities provide habitat for nearly bird and 70 mammal species throughout its range.

A species that is of particular concern is the sage grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus Bonaparte), which depends on big sagebrush associations for food, nesting and cover.